Vodafone Malta
Activities in Malta, Gozo and Comino. Visit our day tours, cruises and excursions. Included are lunch, transfer from and to your accommodation and ...


Online since: 28. Mai 2013

Cospicua in Malta

Cottonera is the collective name for the three cities: Vittoriosa (Birgu), Senglea (L Isla) and Cospicua (Bormla). The middle headland, Vittoriosa, was the only one of the three peninsulas that was inhabited, when the Knights of the Order of St John arrived in 1530. Back then, the city was known as “Borgo del Castello”, and it was from that name that the city’s present name, “Birgu”, was derived. The new name, Vittoriosa, was given to the city after the Great Siege of the Turks. Vittoriosa means “The Victorious” and to this day, this is its Dockshonorary name. In 1552, the Grand Master Claude de la Sengle had the neighbouring peninsula fortified. The Order of St John used their considerable wealth to employ many workers to get this done, and soon both headlands were overpopulated. Consequently, many people settled down between the two headlands. The Knights of St John named this city Cospicua, today’s Bormla.

Today, these three places are known as the “Three Cities”. All of them are older than Valletta, which was only built in 1566. In 1571, the Order of St John moved to this new city, which would one day become Malta’s capital. The Margerita Lines and the Cottonera Lines, Vittoriosatwo fortified defence lines, were completed in 1638 and between 1670-80, respectively. Both are clearly recognisable to this day.

The three bays between the peninsulas are known as Kalkara, Dockyard Creek (between Vittoriosa and Senglea) and French Creek (where the present harbour is). In 1848, the Royal Navy used the Dockyard Creek as its first repair dock.

During World War II, the cities were heavily bombarded, as the harbour was an important strategic location. Large sections of the residential areas and the harbour were destroyed.

S. Wagner

Further reading on this subject (from our online bookshop):
Malta History & Tradition
- Sliema
- Valletta
- Markets
- St. John's CO-Cathedral
- Marsaxlokk
- Mdina
- Grand Harbour
- Island ... mehr
Malta Gozo and Comino - The Gold Guides
- Art
- History
- Music
- Folklore
- Markets
- Crafts
- Archaeology
- Nightlife
- Carnival
City of Valletta and Floriana
Valletta, the capital of Malta, is a World Heritage City.

It is the creation of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, known as the Knigh ... mehr

Your comment:



Spam (please enter the numbers to prevent spam): 

Note: Your comment will be published after the approval of an admin. Please be aware that the comment hast to refer to the article of this page.
In other cases, please use our forum.

Admin writes:
No comment has been published yet.


About Us | Contact | Terms and Conditions to use this website | Copyright 2013 - 2018 idotravelto.com